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na(e.g., kougakuna purezento/expensive present) and
no(e.g., kougakuno purezento/expensive present) was investigated in a balanced corpus. BCCWJ was used as research data, a search for the pattern of
noun (common-adjectival+no/na+noun)was performed, and an elaborate analysis of potential nominal adjectives with a frequency of appearance of more than 10 was conducted (token frequency 21,734, type frequency277). Cluster analysis and discriminant analysis were used as methods of data analysis and after dividing into groups we examined the difference in intergroup cluster number or word familiarity with an analysis of variance. The presence of three groups was revealed after the investigation. Group 1 (e.g., saikou/excellent, tairyou/massive, oogata/large- scale) has a pronounced co-occurrence with
noand often represents a
quantity conceptand Group 2 (e.g., fumei/unclear, byodo/equal, ishitsu/alien) is a co-occurring group for both
noand often represents a
relational concept. Group 3 (e.g., fukuzatsu/complex, yakkai/bothersome, shinmitsu/close) has a pronounced co-occurrence with
naand often represents a
concept of event. One-way analysis of variance confirmed a statistically significant difference in cluster number(F(2,274)=3.873, p=.002).
W-combinationrespectively, was measured by number of types of morphemes to which stems are attached. This analysis was carried out by choosing 50 high frequency loanword stems, found in
Mainichi NewspaperCorpus in all articles published in 2006. Number of Types of M-combinations and W-combinations that these stems form with Sino-Japanese and loanword stems, were counted. Then the relation between 2 usages of chosen stems, divided into 2 groups (head usage and non-head usage), was analyzed with 3 parameters: correlation coefficient, similarity of co-occurring stems, difference coefficient of co-occurring stems.
Izumishikibu nikki, which is one of the most popular diary works in the Heian period, shows that the proposed method has a better correspondence to the results shown in the previous bibliographical studies, compared to the conventional principal component analysis using multiple metric features. Furthermore, comparison with
Sarashina nikki, which is another diary work in the Heian period, confirms that the difference between variants for the same work is much smaller than that between different works.
inclusion of many abstract loanwords into the basic wordsoccurred when the loanwords turned into synonymous superordinate of Japanese origin
Wagoand Chinese origin
Kango, and gave lexical stylistics explanation that summarization of the newspaper texts in the second half of the 20th century needed many loanwords as superordinate words.
In this paper, focusing on discourse-organizing function of superordinate, I found the fact that abstract noun loanwords were increasing the amount used to acquire and develop the discourse-organizing function (reiteration is core) by two forms (usage) of demonstrative phrase and noun (phrase) in apposition.
The result confirms the validity of the prospect that discourse-organizing function relates to inclusion of abstract loanwords into the basic words.
Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese
Balanced Corpus of Contemporary Written Japanese,(BCCWJ) we received the following results. (1) Polysemous words are likely to share the same sense when occurring more than once in a given text. The tendency is not so strong as to admit no exceptions. (2) The gaps between instances of a polysemous word with the same sense are shorter than gaps with different senses and vice versa. (3) This phenomenon is also observed between a polysemous word and its synonyms and antonyms to some extent. These results suggest that the lexical cohesion positively affects the distribution of the senses of polysemous words as well as related terms to a lesser extent.
the Tale of Genji: On the Data of Murakami and Imanishi (1999)
the Tale of Genji. In Murakami and Imanishi (1999), they divided
the Tale of Genjiinto four groups and led the suggestive results on how
the Tale of Genjiwas written, based on the plot of Hayashi's Quantification Method$B-7(B. However, applying cluster analysis to their plot, the present author cannot obtain the same result as dendrogram. Therefore, utilizing variance stabilizing transformation to their data and applying cluster analysis to those, the obtained dendrogram indicates that this result is consistent with the previous studies and more careful with respect to statistics. For future research, combining philological knowledge and statistical approach, those complementary researches will matter.